When The Only Offensive Declaration Has Been Made By The Second Hand

In this situation the Fourth Hand is in much the same position as the

Third Hand when the Dealer has made an offensive declaration, and the

Second Hand passed. The only difference is that the Fourth Hand

knows that both of the adversaries are apparently weak, whereas in the

previous case the Third Hand had that information as to only one. The

Fourth Hand can, therefore, act much more freely, and should, if in any

way possible, increase a declaration which is not apt to result in game

to one of the three game-producing bids. At a love score, a Club or

Diamond declaration should be allowed to stand in two cases only:--

(a) Weakness, which does not make any further declaration


(b) A combination of cards which makes it probable the Club

or Diamond call will result in game.

When the Second Hand has declared No-trump, Royals, or Hearts, his bid

should be accorded exactly the same treatment that a similar call of

the Dealer receives from the Third Hand.

Neither a two nor three Spade declaration made by the partner should

under any circumstances, be passed. In these cases, the Fourth Hand can

have little doubt what course to pursue. His partner's hand is spread

before him almost as clearly as if exposed upon the table. With

weakness, or with a moderate hand, he should bid one Royal, this being

merely a takeout, and not giving any indication of strength. In this

position he is placed in the same situation as the Third Hand when the

Dealer has made a similar declaration, and these two propositions

are the only instances in the modern game of Auction where a player

without strength is required to assume the offensive. No matter how

weak the hand may be, the Fourth Hand must declare one Royal, so as to

reduce the contract, and also to increase the advantage obtained from

its fulfillment. The partner must read "one Royal" to be an indication

of weakness, or, at least, not a showing of strength.

With Spade length or strength, the Fourth Hand, especially in the case

of the three Spade declaration, should bid two Royals. If he declare

anything but Royals, he says to the partner, "I realize perfectly what

you have, but my hand convinces me that the declaration I am making

will be more advantageous than the one you have suggested."

In the event of one Spade doubled coming to the Fourth Hand, he is also

accurately informed as to his partner's holding, and suggestion. In

this case, it is the rare hand which does not warrant an offensive


It is not so great an advantage for the Fourth Hand to call two

No-trumps over one No-trump declared by the Second Hand as it is for

the Third Hand to similarly overbid the Dealer. The reason for this

is, that the main purpose of this overbid by the Third Hand is to

prevent the Fourth Hand from indicating the suit he desires his partner

to lead, but the Dealer, having already declared weakness, is not so

likely to be able to make a bid which will in any way interfere with

the success of a No-trumper. It is, however, not at all impossible that

a declaration of the Dealer's long weak suit, especially when the

Second Hand has an honor or two of it, may be awkward for the No-trump

declarer, and therefore, with the holding which justifies it, the bid

of two No-trumps, under these conditions, is distinctly commendable.

When The Only Offensive Declaration Has Been Made By The Dealer When The Only Offensive Declaration Has Been Made By The Third Hand facebooktwittergoogle_plusredditpinterestlinkedinmail