The Bid Of Two Spades





The bid of two Spades shows exactly four Spades and the same high-card

holding which justifies doubling one Spade.



The Second Hand, when he doubles one, or bids two Spades, says: "I have

not three suits stopped, so I cannot bid No-trumps. While I have

sufficient high-card strength to call one Royal, I have less than five

Spades, and, therefore, am without sufficient length. I can, however,

by this declaration, tell you the exact number of my Spades, and I

expect you to make the best possible use of the exceptionally accurate

information with which you are furnished."



As much care should be taken in selecting the correct declaration, when

in doubt whether to bid two Spades or double one, as when determining

whether to call a Royal or a Heart. Many a player doubles one Spade

with five or six, headed by Knave, Ten, apparently never realizing that

with such a hand he wishes the trump to be Royals, and yet, by his bid,

is inviting his partner to call No-trump; or he bids two Spades with

the Queen of Spades and a couple of Kings, and after his partner has

declared a Royal, or doubled an adverse No-trump, counting on the

announced Spade strength, says: "I realize I deceived you in the

Spades, but I had two Kings about which you did not know."



That sort of a declarer makes it impossible for his partner to take

full advantage of any sound bid he may make.



Every Second Hand bidder should remember that when he doubles one Spade

or bids two, he tells his partner he has short or exactly four Spades,

as the case may be; that he has not three suits stopped, and that his

minimum high-card holding is one of the following combinations:--





SPADES MINIMUM STRENGTH IN OTHER SUIT



Ace, King, Queen No strength required

Ace, King Queen, Knave, and one other

Ace, Queen King, Knave



Ace, Knave Ace, or King and Queen, or King, Knave, Ten



Ace Ace and King; Ace, Queen, Knave; or King,

Queen, Knave



King, Queen Ace, or King and Queen, or King, Knave, Ten



King, Knave, Ten Ace, or King and Queen, or King, Knave, Ten



King, Knave Ace and King; Ace, Queen, Knave; or King,

Queen, Knave



Queen, Knave, Ten Ace and King; Ace, Queen, Knave; or King,

Queen, Knave



In order that the distinction between the various Second Hand Spade

declarations may be clearly marked, take such a holding as



Spades Ace, King

Hearts Three small

Diamonds Four small

Clubs Ace



Only ten cards are mentioned, and the remaining three are either Spades

or Clubs.



When Making the The Second

the missing number of Hand

cards are Spades in the Hand should



All Clubs Two Double

Two Clubs and one Spade Three Double

One Club and two Spades Four Bid two Spades

All Spades Five Bid one Royal



The method suggested above is not the only plan for distinguishing

between the double of one and the bid of two Spades.



Some players think the double should mean a No-trump invitation,

without any significance as to strength in the Spade suit, and two

Spades should show two honors in Spades. The same comment applies to

this as to a similar declaration by the Dealer; namely, that with the

light No-trumpers now conventional, the invitation without Spade

strength is unnecessary and possibly dangerous.



Those, however, who wish to have the privilege of issuing such an

invitation, are not obliged to deprive themselves of the undoubted and

material advantage of being able, when strong in Spades, to distinguish

between a holding of short Spades (two or three) and of exactly four.

They can convey to their partners that very important information by

using the following system:--





THE BID THE MEANING



Double of one Spade A No-trump invitation. No information

as to Spade strength



Two Spades Short Spades with two high honors

and one other trick



Three Spades Four Spades with two high honors and

one other trick



Four Spades Same as bid of three Spades described

immediately below



This system is entirely new, is somewhat complicated, and is suggested

for what it is worth for those who wish, without Spade strength, to

invite a No-trump.



As the bid of four Spades can be taken out by the partner with one

Royal, the system is not subject to objection, on the ground that four

Spades forces the partner to an unduly high declaration. The scheme is,

as yet, merely an experiment, and of doubtful value except for the

purpose of enabling a poor player to place with an expert partner the

responsibility of the play.



It is not hereinafter referred to, but the suggestions made regarding

Third and Fourth Hand bidding can be readily adapted to comply with its

self-evident requirements.





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