Cards Liable To Be Called
46. All exposed cards are liable to be called, and must be left on the
table; but a card is not an exposed card when dropped on the floor or
elsewhere below the table.
The following are exposed cards:--
I. Two or more cards played at once.
II. Any card dropped face upwards, or in any way exposed on or above the
table, even though snatched up so quickly that no one can name it.
III. The trump card if lifted from the pack.
47. If any one play to an imperfect trick the highest card on the table,
or lead one which is a winning card against his adversaries, and then
lead again, or play several such winning cards one after the other,
without waiting for his partner to play, the latter may be called on to
win, if he can, the first or any other of those tricks, and the other
cards thus improperly played are exposed cards.
48. If a player or players, under the impression that the game is lost
or won, or for other reasons, throw his or their cards on the table face
upwards, such cards are exposed, and can be called, each player's by the
adversary; but should one player retain his hand, he cannot be forced to
49. If all four players throw their cards on the table face upwards, the
hands are abandoned, and no one can again take up his cards. Should it
then be proved that the game could have been saved or won, no such claim
can be entertained unless a revoke be established.
50. In a lone hand, should either adversary abandon his hand by laying
it face upwards on the table, or by failing to play to every trick, the
party playing alone scores five points.
51. A card detached from the rest of the hand is liable to be called if
either of the adversaries can name it; but should an adversary name a
wrong card, he is liable to have a suit called when he or his partner
52. If any player lead out of turn, the adversaries may either call the
card erroneously led, or may call a suit from him or his partner when it
is next the turn of either to lead.
53. If any player lead out of turn, and the other three have followed
him, the trick is complete, and the error cannot be rectified; but if
only the second, or the second and third, have played to the false lead,
their cards, on discovery of the mistake, are taken back, and there is
no penalty against any one except the original offender.
54. If a player who has rendered himself liable to have his highest or
lowest called, fail to play as desired, or if when called on to lead one
suit, lead another, having in his hand one or more cards of the suit
demanded, he incurs the penalty of a revoke.
55. In no case can a player be compelled to play a card which would
oblige him to revoke.
56. The call for an exposed card can be repeated until such card has
57. If a player called on to lead a suit have none of it, the penalty is
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